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NC State Extension

2017 North Carolina Specialty Melon Cultigen Evaluations

Central Crops Research Station, Clayton, NC; Horticulture Series # 222

Principle Investigators: Jonathan R. Schultheis, Professor and Vegetable Extension Specialist; Keith D. Starke, Research Associate; and Elizabeth J. Indermaur, Undergraduate Student Special Project

Acknowledgments: We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Kathy Herring (Superintendent) and Brandon Poole (Horticulture Crops Supervisor), Central Crops Research Station, Clayton, NC, as well as the personnel at the research station for their help to establish, maintain, and harvest the cultivar evaluation studies. We want to also acknowledge the following research assistants for their help with the studies: Steven Bajorek, Elizabeth Indermaur, Shannon Dexter, Katherine Phillips; and graduate students: Fernando Montero and Marlee Trandel.

The cooperation and support of the following seed companies is also greatly appreciated: Bayer Crop Science, DP Seeds, Hollar Seed, Rijk Zwaan, Seedway, Seminis, Syngenta, United Genetics, US Agriseeds / VoloAgri. We also want to acknowledge, support for this study was provided by the US Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, for the CucCAP Specialty Crop Research Initiative grant under award number 2015-51181-24285.

General Cultural Practices

All melon studies were grown using recommended practices for commercial melon production in North Carolina. All plots in the study used black plastic mulch and were fertigated with drip irrigation. Furthermore, pesticides used on all plots were chemicals labeled for use on that crop 2017 North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual.

Disclaimer

This publication presents data from the cultivar evaluation studies conducted during 2017. Information in this report is believed to be reliable but should not be relied upon as a sole source of information. Limited accompanying detail is included but excludes some pertinent information, which may aid interpretation. 

Introduction

The amount of specialty melon produced in North Carolina is considered to be minimal in comparison to that of orange flesh melon, which has an estimated 3,000 – 4,000 acres under production in the state. As popularity increases for melons in the fresh market, there is a greater need to conduct cultivar evaluations of emerging cultivars suited for production in the Southeastern United States. In 2017, we evaluated cultivars in each of the following four categories of specialty melon; Galia, Canary, Honeydew and Piel de Sapo, from nine different seed companies. Each of these melon types have distinctive differences with respect to fruit yield, size, maturity/ripening and other quality measures. Galia followed by Canary melons mature earlier in the season than Honeydew and Piel de Sapo melons and exterior fruit appearance also varies greatly among these specialty melon types. Ripening in Galia melon is observed as early immature fruit appear green with a slightly hairy pubescence that covers the outer surface of the fruit skin that gradually disappears as fruit mature and begin to turn a lighter yellow color when fully ripe. Canary melons tend to have a greenish tint on immature fruit and will turn yellow to deep golden yellow (varies among cultivars) when fully ripe. Honeydew melons can have varying exterior appearances with some cultivars having a more traditional cream colored exterior. Meanwhile, fruit of some cultivars of honeydew will have a smooth skin with a greenish tint on white exterior that will ultimately turn a vibrant white when fruit reach maturity and are fully ripe. Piel de Sapo melon, (also referred to as Frogskin or Christmas melon) have a dark green mottled exterior appearance that will give way to some yellow/gold flecking on the fruit skin when ripe. Greater exterior fruit yellowing may begin to come through the green background and this transition can help growers identify fruit maturity and ripeness. This fruit yellowing can extend up the stem to the point where the fruit is attached to the vine. Tan striations/netting can often be observed on fruit as it approaches maturity and these striations are often referred to as “sugar cracks”. Piel de Sapo melons tend to require a longer growing season which can be problematic in the Southeastern U.S., where disease pressure is often greater later in the season and can reduce overall plant/vine health. Reductions in plant foliage can expose fruit to direct sun, thereby resulting in “sun-scalded” fruit. Stored fruit of Piel de Sapo have excellent shelf life and can last deep into the fall or winter months (for this reason, they are often termed “Christmas melons”). Similar to some of the newly released orange flesh melons, breeding efforts to introduce an Ethylene Inhibitor Gene into Galia melon cultivars have been very successful. This trait results in plants that produce melons that have an Extended Shelf Life (ESL) or Long Shelf Life (LSL). The Extended or Long Shelf Life melons, as the name suggests, will hold for a longer period. Flesh firmness and sweetness tend to be higher in the ESL or LSL type melons. Greater flesh firmness allows the fruit to hold up better over time. This trait increases the ship-ability, a term often referred to as giving the fruit ‘better legs’. It can be more difficult to determine readiness on ESL/LSL melons and this has delayed the willingness from growers to move into larger scale production of these type of melons. Judging ripeness can be difficult based on the color changes on the exterior of the fruit, coupled with the fact that many of these new cultivars often need to be cut from the vine because they do not “slip” off the vine with a gentle pull when harvesting. In spite of these weaknesses of accurately determining ripeness in ESL/LSL type melons, North Carolina growers have had some success in producing and marketing these newer melon types. More recently, the release of new orange flesh cultivars with ESL traits have performed well for growers and have received favorable support from consumers. In 2017, several new specialty melon cultigens were evaluated in our field study and across all melon types we had a total of 30 advanced lines or cultivar entries (cultigens) from 9 seed companies. Pixie and Tasty Bites are considered specialty “personal size” or “mini-melons.” Rather than be included in this study they were evaluated in our orange flesh melon cultivar study due to their interior orange flesh characteristics. All entries were evaluated for yield, earliness of ripening and various other qualities. Download the PDF version of the 2017 specialty melon variety trials for printing or viewing.

Materials and Methods

In February and March commercial seed companies were contacted to obtain seed for the specialty melon cultigenevaluation studies. Seed were sown into 72 cell Poly trays to grow transplants (Hummert Int.; Earth City, MO) on13 April 2017. The planting medium used was a Fine Germinating Mix, a commercial soilless mix (SunGro,Agawam, MA). In November 2017, the field study area (0.28 acre) was fumigated with Telone 17 and a cover cropwas established. On 23 March the field study area was plowed using a disc harrow and then cultivated on 27 March.A complete fertilizer (12-6-24 @ 400 lbs/ac) was broadcast applied and black polyethylene plastic mulch (0.70 milthick high density plastic film, 48 inches wide; B.B. Hobbs, Clinton, NC) was laid in the field on 28 March.Herbicide products, Prefar (6 qt/ac), Curbit (4.5 pt/ac) and Honcho Plus (1.5 pt/ac) were applied to row middles forpre-emergent weed control on 21 April. Specialty melon transplants were approximately 3 weeks old when placedin a “hardening” greenhouse for 7 days prior to being established in the field on 2 May. A starter fertilizer wasapplied at transplant (0.5 lb of 20-20-20, water soluble fertilizer/50 gal H2O). Analysis for the Canary and Galiamelon studies was based on 10 plants per plot (100 ft2), whereas, analysis for the Honeydew and Piel de Sapo melonstudies was 8 plants per plot (80 ft2) . In-row spacing between plants was 2 feet and between row spacing was 5feet. Field arrangement for the specialty melon cultigen studies were a Randomized Complete Block Design(RCBD) with four replications. Plots with missing plants were replanted approximately 7 days after transplanting toachieve 100% stand, in most cases. Drip irrigation was utilized (NETAFIM, 12 inch spacing, 0.24 gal/hr;NETAFIM, Tel Aviv, Israel) throughout the growing season. Fertigation, using 7-0-7 liquid fertilizer, was initiated15 days after planting and applied weekly, thereafter. The first application of liquid fertilizer (2.5 gal) was appliedthrough the drip tube on 17 May and the last application (3.5 gal) was applied 9 August. Fertilizer was appliedeither preplant or through fertigation in these studies. Total amount of fertilizer applied through fertigation for theseason was 41 lbs/ac of N and 41 lbs/ac of K2O. The total amount of fertilizer applied for the entire growing seasonwas 89 lbs/ac of N, 24 lbs/ac of P2O5 and 137 lbs/ac of K2O.Insecticides were applied as needed throughout the growing season beginning 31 May and followed by subsequentapplications on 7, 21 and 28 June; 5 and 12 July 2017. The following insecticide products were alternatedthroughout the season to avoid potential resistance development in insect species; FanFare and PermUp. Similarly,the following fungicide products were applied; Bravo, Endosulfan, Pencozeb, Previcure Flex, Quadris, Quintec andRanman; and applied on the following dates; 9, 26 and 31 May; 7, 21 and 28 June; 5, 12 and 25 July 2017.There were a total of 12 harvests for the Galia and Canary type melon cultivars. The first harvest was 10 July 2017and the twelfth harvest was 14 August 2017. Harvests were made twice per week on Monday and Friday with theexception of the first week of harvests which included Wednesday. There were a total of 9 harvests for theHoneydew and Piel De Sapo melon cultivars. The first harvest was 10 July 2017 and the ninth harvest was 4 August2017. A similar harvesting schedule to the Galia and Canary melon was followed for the Honeydew and Piel deSapo specialty melon cultivars. Each fruit was harvested when ripe and weighed. Evaluations of each specialtymelon entry included; yield, fruit size, production earliness, soluble solids (using a digital refractometer), fruit shapeand size, exterior and interior descriptions (rind, length/ width ratio, and flesh color), and interior flesh firmness.Flesh firmness was measured (recorded in pounds) by using a Penetrometer FT 011 with a 5/16” plunger tip, (QASupplies LLC, Norfolk, VA). Melon samples were obtained by cutting the center of the fruit, lengthwise, from thefruit’s stem end to blossom end. Pressure measurements were then taken between the interior fruit cavity and therind (near fruit bottom or ground spot and one from the top of the fruit) on each half of the cut fruit. The reportedmeasures on flesh firmness are an average of two sample areas from within each fruit, and from five fruit per plotleading to 10 total fruit areas measured per plot. Most of the quality measurements were taken when the melonsbecame ripe between the second and sixth harvests for a given cultigen.The field and growing conditions throughout the harvest period were normal for these studies. There was average toabove average rainfall throughout the month of June and July, as well as, optimal ambient temperatures that allowedfor good plant growth and fruit set within all the cultigen plots.

Results

Galia melon

Entries that yielded the highest (> 200 cwt/acre) among early harvests (1-3) were Jucar, SFR 3203, Tenorio andUSAMR 14346 (Table 1). The highest yielding entries based on fruit numbers (> 4,000 fruit number/acre) for earlyharvests (1-3) were SFR 3203, Tenorio, USAMR 14346 and USAMR 14350 (Table 2). The 2.2 to 4.4 lbs. sizecategory had the highest percentage (61%) of fruit weight produced from entries among early harvest (1-3) (Table33). This size category also produced the highest percentage (64%) of fruit number among early harvests (1-3)(Table 4). The highest yielding entries based on cumulative fruit weight (> 225 cwt/acre) in the mid to late seasonharvests (4-12) were Courier, Jucar, SFR 3203, USAMR 14346 and USAMR 14350 (Table 5). The entries thatyielded the highest (> 6,000 fruit number) in the mid to late-season harvests (4-12) were SFR 3203, Tenorio,USAMR 14346 and USAMR 14350 (Table 6). Most fruit produced from these entries were between 2.2 to 4.4 lbs.Jucar produced slightly larger fruit with 77% weighing greater than 4.5 lbs. Orange flesh melon fruit in the < 3.0 lb.category would ordinarily be culled; however, as specialty melons the smaller sized melons reflect typical size ofthis kind of specialty melon. The highest yielding entries across all harvests, in terms of tonnage (> 425 cwt) wereJucar, SFR 3203, Tenorio, USAMR 14346 and USAMR 14350 (Table 8). Average fruit weight ranged from 2.9 to5.1 lbs. (Table 8). The melon entries that produced the greatest yields (> 12,000 fruit number) across all harvestswere SFR 3203, Tenorio, USAMR 14346 and USAMR 14350 (Table 9). Interior fruit quality metrics such assoluble solids (Brix), length/diameter ratio and flesh firmness were evaluated for all entries (Table 10).

Canary melon

Entries that yielded highest (> 130 cwt/acre) in the early harvests (1-3) were Fonzy, Gladial, Hi-Brix, Natal andTweety (Table 11). The highest yielding entries (> 3,000 fruit number) for early harvests (1-3) were Fonzy, Gladial,Hi-Brix, Natal and Tweety (Table 12). The majority (87%) of early harvested fruit weighed between 3.1 to 7.0 lbs.,across all entries (Table 13) and similarly, on average, this size category yielded the greatest percentage (89%) fruitnumber for early harvests (Table 14). Average fruit weight for mid-season harvests (4-8) was 4.8 lbs. across allentries (Table 15). The highest yielding entries in the mid to late season harvests (4-8) for cumulative fruit weight(> 160 cwt/acre) were Camino Europa, Camposol, Halo and USAMR 14818 (Table 15). The entries that yielded themost fruit (> 2,500 fruit number/acre) in the mid-season harvests (4-8) were Camino Europa, Camposol, Halo andHi-Brix (Table 16). The highest percentage (76%) size category for fruit weight was between 3.1 and 7.0 lbs. formid-season harvests (Table 17) and similarly, the highest percentage (74%) of fruit numbers for mid-season harvestswere also in the 3.1 to 7.0 lbs. size category (Table 18). Entries that yielded the highest (> 100 cwt/acre) in lateseason harvests (9-12) were Fonzy, Gladial, Hi-Brix, Natal RZ and Tweety (Table 19). Entries that yielded the mostfruit (> 2,800 fruit number/acre) in late season harvests (9-12) were Camino Europa, Fonzy, Gladial, Hi-Brix, NatalRZ and Tweety (Table 20). The 3.1 to 7.0 lbs. category contained the highest percentage (78%) of fruit weight forthe late season harvests (Table 21). The 3.1 to 7.0 lbs. size category also produced the highest percentage (68%) offruit numbers for the late season harvests (Table 22). Entries that yielded the highest marketable wt. (> 350cwt/acre) across all harvests (1-12) were Camposol, Fonzy, Gladial, Halo and Tweety (Table 23). Entries thatyielded the most fruit (> 8,000 fruit number/acre) across all harvests (1-12) were Camino Europa, Camposol, Fonzy,Halo, Hi-Brix, Natal RZ and Tweety (Table 24). The 3.0 to 7.1 lbs. category contained the highest percentage(80%) of fruit weight across all harvests (Table 25). Likewise, this weight category also contained the highestpercentage (76%) of fruit numbers across all harvests (Table 26). The highest percentage of yields based on fruitweight (36%) was obtained from the mid-season harvests (Table 27), whereas, the highest percentage of yieldsbased on fruit number (36%) was obtained from the late harvests (Table 28). Interior fruit quality metrics such assoluble solids (Brix), length/diameter ratio and flesh firmness were evaluated for all entries (Table 29)

Honeydew melon

Entries that yielded the highest (> 265 cwt/acre) in the early harvests (1-3) were 966HD, Dewlightful, USAMR14816, USAMR 16151 and USAMR 16153 (Table 30). The highest yielding entries (> 5,500 fruit number/acre) forearly harvests (1-3) were 966HD, Dewlightful, USAMR 14816, USAMR 16151 and USAMR 16153 (Table 31).The majority of early harvested fruit (58%) weighed between 2.6 to 4.5 lbs. across all entries (Table 32) andsimilarly, on average, this size class yielded the greatest percentage fruit number (60%) for early harvests (Table33). Entries with the highest yields (> 70 cwt/acre) in the mid-season harvests (4-6) were 966HD, Tikal andUSAMR 14816 (Table 34). Entries that yielded the highest number of fruit (> 1,000 fruit number/acre) in the midseasonharvests (4-6) were 966HD, Dewlightful, Tikal, USAMR 14816 and USAMR 16151 (Table 35). In the midseasonharvests (4-6) across all entries, the majority of fruit (57%) weighed between 2.6 to 4.5 lbs. (Table 36).Similarly, the greatest percentage yield based on fruit number (56%) was in the 2.6 to 4.5 lbs. size category (Table37). The entries with the greatest yields (> 60 cwt/acre) in the late season harvests (7-9) were 966HD, Earli-Dew,SFR3079, SFR3083 and USAMR 16153 (Table 38). The entries that yielded the highest number of fruit (> 1,300fruit number/acre) in the late season harvests (7-9) were Dewlightful, Earli-Dew, SFR3079, SFR3083 and USAMR16153 (Table 39). The greatest percentage of yield (51%) based on fruit weight was from the 2.6 to 4.5 lbs. for thelate season harvests (Table 40) and similarly, the highest percentage of fruit number (49%) across all entries wasyielded from the 2.6 to 4.5 lbs. size category for the late season harvests (Table 41). Entries with the highest marketable yield totals for cumulative fruit weight (> 350 cwt/acre) across all harvests (1-9) were 966HD,Dewlightful, USAMR 14816, USAMR 16151 and USAMR 16153 (Table 42). Entries that yielded the highestnumber (> 7,500 fruit number/acre) of marketable fruit per acre were 966HD, Dewlightful, USAMR 14816,USAMR 16151 and USAMR 16153 (Table 43). The greatest percentage of fruit weight (52%) was obtained fromthe 2.6 to 4.5 lbs. size category across all harvests (1-9) (Table 44). The 2.6 to 4.5 lbs. fruit size category had thehighest percentage (53%) of fruit number across all harvests (1-9) (Table 45). The highest percentage (62%) ofyield based on fruit weight was obtained in the early harvests (Table 46) and similarly, the highest percentage ofyield based on fruit number (58%) was also obtained in the early harvests (Table 47). Descriptive qualitycharacteristics such as soluble solids, fruit length/diameter ratios, flesh firmness and foliage cover are also reported(Table 48). It should be noted that relative size of the fruits obtained across all honeydew entries was small.Honeydew fruits typically are greater than 5 lbs. per fruit.

Piel de Sapo

Entries in the early season harvests (1-3) with the highest yields based on cumulative fruit weight (> 225 ctw/acre)were Fortune, Ricura and Ruidera (Table 49). Average fruit size across all entries was 4.9 lbs. for early seasonharvests (1-3). The highest yielding entries based on cumulative fruit totals (> 4,000 fruit number) for early seasonharvests (1-3) were Fortune, Mabel RZ, Ricura and Ruidera (Table 50). The 4.6 to 6.5 lbs. fruit size categoryyielded the highest percentage (49%) of fruit weight for the early season harvests (1-3) (Table 51). The 2.6 to 4.5lbs. and 4.6 to 6.5 lbs. fruit size categories each yielded 44% of the fruit numbers for early season harvests (Table52). Entries that yielded the highest fruit weight (> 30 ctw/acre) in the mid-season harvests (4-6) were Mabel, PX03703001 and Sancho (Table 53). Entries that yielded the most fruit (> 650 fruit number) in the mid-seasonharvests (4-6) were Mabel, PX 03703001, Ricura and Sancho (Table 54). The fruit size category with the highestpercentage (50%) of yield based on fruit weight across all entries in the mid-season harvests (4-6) was the 4.6 to 6.5lbs. category (Table 55) and the fruit size category with the highest percentage (54%) of yield based on fruit numberin the mid-season harvests (4-6) was the 2.6 to 4.5 lbs. category across all entries (Table 56). Marketable yields inthe late season harvests (7-9) were highest (> 30 ctw/acre) in Fortune, Mabel RZ and PX 03703001 (Table 57).Marketable fruit in the late season harvests (7-9) were highest (> 950 fruit number) in Fortune, Mabel RZ and PX03703001 (Table 58). The fruit size category with the highest percentage (63%) of yield was 2.6 to 4.5 lbs. (Table59). The fruit size category with the highest percentage (68%) of fruit number in the late season harvests (7-9) wasalso 2.6 to 4.5 lbs. (Table 60). Across all harvests (1-9) the entries with the highest marketable yields (> 280ctw/acre) were Fortune, PX03703001 and Ruidera (Table 61). The entries with the highest yields (> 5,900 fruitnumber) across all harvests (1-9) were Fortune, Mabel RZ, PX 03703001 and Ricura (Table 62). The fruit sizecategory with the highest percentage (47 %) yields across all entries for all harvests (1-9) was 4.6 to 6.5 lbs. (Table63). The fruit size category with the highest percentage (47%) of fruit number across all harvests (1-9) was 2.6 to 4.5lbs. (Table 64). Early harvests had the highest percentage (73%) of yields based on fruit weight among all harvestintervals (Table 65). Likewise, with regards to fruit number, the early harvests also had the highest percentage(71%) of fruit number among all harvests intervals (Table 66). Descriptive quality characteristics such as solublesolids, fruit length/diameter ratios, flesh firmness and foliage cover are also reported (Table 67).

Financial Support

In addition to the seed companies, this program has been supported by the College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, the North Carolina Agriculture Research Service, and the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service.

Figure 1. Galia melon photographs. Replicated cultigens. Clayton, NC 2017 (Pages 5 – 7 in the PDF booklet).

Figure 2. Galia Melon cultigen trial. Descriptive characteristics. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Cultivar

Description

Courier Ripens to golden yellow with ample netting and slips when ripe. It ripens from dark green with netting forming, and turns breaker yellow to golden yellow with a moderate size stem scar. Oval in shape with interior flesh mostly pastel green except right next to rind. Sweet, soft flesh that melts in mouth with traditional melon flavor.
Jucar Ripens to golden yellow with hint of burnt orange with ample netting and stem slips when ripe. The stem scar can show radial splitting, especially if harvested a little late. Initally, fruit are darker green to dark green with netting forming, followed by fruit turning light yellow and then to golden yellow. Smaller fruit are shorter in shape while larger fruit tends to be more round or oblong. Interior flesh color is faint light green near rind, with mainly white flesh to cavity.
SFR3203 Ripens to golden yellow with orange hue when ripe. Need to be cut, not harvested at slip; otherwise overripe. Exterior begins as pastel/light green and transitions to bright yellow, finishing ripening at golden yellow. Netting develops on immature fruit and finishes with ample netting at ripeness. Fruit is short oblong to round in shape. Interior flesh is faint light green near rind and has a mainly white cavity. Sweet, firm flesh, mild flavor.
Tenorio Ripen when rind is warm golden yellow with ample netting. Need to cut stem and not harvest at slip stage, otherwise overripe. Rind goes from light yellow to golden yellow color when ripe. Fruit shape includes some round fruit and some short oblong fruit. Interior flesh is light green towards rind and white towards cavity. Firm flesh.
USAMR 14346 Ripens to golden yellow with ample netting. Long shelf life (LSL) type, need to cut the stem when ripe, otherwise overripe. Ripens from pastel/light green to yellow, turning to golden yellow as netting developes and finishing with ample netting. Most fruit is round. Interior flesh is faint light green near the rind with a mostly white flesh to the cavity. High sugars; moderatly firm; pleasant, mild melon flavor.
USAMR  14350 Ripens to warm golden yellow on rind with ample netting when ripe. Long shelp life (LSL) type so one needs to cut stem and not wait for slip stage, otherwise overripe. Fruit ripens from lime green to light yellow, finishing at golden yellow when ripe. Fruit shape is mainly round to short round. Interior flesh is light green towards rind and white towards cavity. High sugars, firm flesh, pleasing mild flavor.

Table 1. Galia Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit weight, (x 100), per acre for early¹ season harvests 1 – 3. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

≤ 2.1 lbs

2.2 – 4.4 lbs

≥ 4.5 lbs

Cumulative Totals ²

Avg. Wt. ³

Courier 29 51 80 4.3
Jucar 28 173 201 5.3
SFR3203 11 194 205 2.8
Tenorio 197 41 239 3.8
USAMR14346 103 103 206 4.4
USAMR14350 22 161 5 188 3.0
Average 17 119 75 187 3.9
LSD (0.05) 36 57 66 64 0.6

¹ Early harvests (1-3) ; 15 – 25 July (52 – 62 days after planting).
² Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
³ Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and from number respective harvests.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis

Table 2. Galia Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit number per acre for early¹ season harvests 1-3. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cumulative

Cultivar

≤ 2.1 lbs

2.2 – 4.4 lbs

≥ 4.5 lbs

Totals ²

Courier 762 980 1742
Jucar 762 3049 3812
SFR3203 545 6861 7405
Tenorio 5336 871 6207
USAMR14346 2723 1960 4683
USAMR14350 1198 5336 109 6643
Average 872 3630 1394 5082
LSD (0.05) 1940 1806 1281 1740

¹ Early harvests (1-3); 15 – 25 July (52 – 62 days after planting).
² Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.
** Each number for fruit size category and cumulative total is rounded to the nearest whole number.**

Table 3. Galia melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit weight per indicated size category – Early harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

≤ 2.1 lbs

2.2 – 4.4 lbs

≥ 4.5 lbs

Courier 36 64
Jucar 14 86
SFR3203 5 95
Tenorio 83 17
USAMR14346 50 50
USAMR 14350 12 85 3
Average 9 61 44

¹Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were
rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 4. Galia melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit number per indicated size category – Early harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

≤ 2.1 lbs

2.2 – 4.4 lbs

≥ 4.5 lbs

Courier 44 56
Jucar 20 80
SFR3203 7 93
Tenorio 86 14
USAMR14346 58 42
USAMR14350 18 80 2
Average 13 64 39

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were
rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 5. Galia melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit weight, (x 100), per acre for mid¹to late season harvests 4 – 12. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cumulative

Avg.

Cultivar

≤ 2.1 lbs

2.2 – 4.4 lbs

≥ 4.5 lbs

Totals ²

Wt. ³

Courier 7 111 118 235 4.4
Jucar 64 211 275 4.9
SFR3203 30 223 253 2.9
Tenorio 6 189 11 206 3.4
USAMR14346 20 250 63 332 3.6
USAMR14350 26 213 10 249 3.1
Average 18 175 83 258 3.7
LSD (0.05) 18 80 75 78 0.5

¹Mid to late harvests (4-12); 27 July – 5 August (64 – 73 days after planting).
²Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
³Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and numbers from respective harvests. 
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 6. Galia melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit number per acre for mid¹ to late season harvests 4-12. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

≤ 2.1 lbs

2.2 – 4.4 lbs

≥ 4.5 lbs

Cumulative Totals ²

Courier 436 3158 2178 5772
Jucar 1742 3812 5554
SFR3203 1742 7732 9474
Tenorio 327 5663 218 6207
USAMR14346 1089 7405 1307 9801
USAMR14350 1525 7079 218 8821
Average 1024 5463 1547 7605
LSD (0.05) 961 2399 1498 2160

¹Mid to late season harvests (4-12); 27 July – 5 August (64 – 73 days after planting).
²Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.
** Each number for fruit size category and cumulative total is rounded to the nearest whole number.** 

Table 7. Galia melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit weight per indicated size category – Mid to Late season harvests 4-12. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

≤ 2.1 lbs

2.2 – 4.4 lbs

≥ 4.5 lbs

Courier 3 47 50
Jucar 23 77
SFR3203 12 88
Tenorio 3 92 5
USAMR14346 6 75 19
USAMR14350 10 85 4
Average 7 68 31

¹Percentages for each fruit size category and for each cultivar
were rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 8. Galia melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit number per indicated size category – Mid to Late season harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

≤ 2.1 lbs

2.2 – 4.4 lbs

≥ 4.5 lbs

Courier 8 55 38
Jucar 0 31 69
SFR3203 18 82 0
Tenorio 5 91 4
USAMR14346 11 76 13
USAMR14350 17 80 2
Average 10 69 21

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were
rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 9. Galia melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit weight, (x 100), per acre for All¹ harvests (1 – 12). Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

≤ 2.1 lbs

2.2 – 4.4 lbs

≥ 4.5 lbs

Cumulative Totals ²

Avg. Wt.³

Courier 7 138 169 315 4.4
Jucar 93 384 477 5.1
SFR3203 41 417 458 2.9
Tenorio 6 387 52 445 3.6
USAMR14346 20 353 166 539 3.9
USAMR14350 48 374 15 438 3.1
Average 24 294 157 445 3.8
LSD (0.05) 21 88 45 69 0.3

¹All harvests (1-12); 15 July – 5 August (52 – 73 days after planting).
²Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
³Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and
numbers from respective harvests.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 10. Galia melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit number per acre for all¹ harvests (1-12). Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

≤ 2.1 lbs

2.2 – 4.4 lbs

≥ 4.5 lbs

Cumulative Totals ²

Courier 436 3920 3158 7514
Jucar 2505 6861 9365
SFR3203 2287 14593 16880
Tenorio 327 10999 1089 12415
USAMR14346 1089 10128 3267 14484
USAMR14350 2723 12415 327 15464
Average 6862 54560 14702 76122
LSD (0.05) 1113 2812 935 2298

¹ All harvests (1-12); 15 July – 5 August (52 – 73 days after planting).
² Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.
** Each number for fruit size category and cumulative total is rounded to the nearest whole number.**

Table 11. Galia Melon cultigen trial. Fruit size characteristics and interior quality. Clayton, NC, 2017.

 Cultivar

 Company

 SS2

 LD3

Flesh Firmness4

Courier Hollar Seed 11.0 1.0 2.2
Jucar Rijk Zwaan 12.1 0.9 3.6
SFR3203 United Genetics 13.6 1.1 5.0
Tenorio Rijk Zwaan 14.4 1.1 4.8
USAMR14346 US Agriseeds 12.1 0.9 3.4
USAMR14350 US Agriseeds 13.6 1.0 5.1
Average 12.8 1.0 4.0
LSD (0.05) 1.8 0.1 1.4

1 Most measurements were obtained from fruits in harvests 2-6.
2 SS = Indicates sweetness, average of 5 melons per replication (20 total).
3 LD = Length and diameter ratio, average of 5 melons per replication.
4 Flesh Firmness is represented in pounds.

Figure 3. Canary melon photographs. Replicated cultigens. Clayton, NC 2017. (pages 15 – 19 in the PDF booklet).

Figure 4. Canary Melon cultigen trial. Descriptive characteristics. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Cultivar

Description

Exterior Rind Rating¹

Camino Europa Ripe as they turn golden yellow. Round shape with pointed blossom end. Flesh color pearl white with hints of light green throughout flesh. 2.5 – obvious wrinkling
Camposol Ripe as they turn golden yellow. Oval fruit with pointed blossom end. Color changes from light green to light yellow to golden yellow when ripe. Peal white with hint of green flesh. Flesh is moderately firm with a sweet, fruity melon flavor. 1.5 – some wrinkling or slight suturing
Fonzy Ripe when bright gold yellow with no fissures. Color changes from light green to light yellow to golden yellow when ripe. Round shape. Pearl white with hints of green in flesh. Firm flesh, with a somewhat granular/coarseness in flesh feel. Mild flavor. 2.5 – obvious wrinkling
Gladial Ripe as they turn a moderatley golden yellow with some fissures (sugar cracks) at stem end. Ripen from a light green to light yellow to moderarate golden yellow. Mainly round with a slight point at blossom end; some fruit are a bit longer than round. Flesh color is pearl white with hints of light green throughout flesh. Moderatly firm flesh with high sugars and mild flavor. 1.0 – mainly smooth with slightest evidence of wrinkling
Halo Ripe when rind turns golden yellow. Oval in shape. Pearl colored flesh from the center to the rind. 1.5 – some wrinkling or slight suturing
Hi-Brix Rind turns to golden yellow when ripe. Oval fruit with pointed blossom end. Light green to light yellow to moderate golden yellow when ripe. Light green on flesh next to rind with pearl flesh from middle to next to cavity. Medium firm flesh with very sweet  fruity melon flavor. 1.5 – some wrinkling or slight suturing
Natal RZ Ripe when rind is moderately golden yellow and might show a few fissures. Football shaped fruit. Color changes from light green to light yellow to golden yellow when ripe. Relatively soft flesh with sweet, light fruit flavor.  2 – some wrinkling
Tweety Fruit is ripe as rind turns golden yellow. Will show some fissures at stem end when ripe. Oval with a bit of point at blossom end. Go from light green to light yellow to golden yellow with fissures. Mainly light green throughout most of flesh with less green towards cavity (pearl). Soft flesh with high sugars and mild fruity melon flavor.  2- light wrinkling
USAMR 14818 Ripe when rind turn golden yellow. Ripens from light-medium green to light yellow to golden yellow. Oval with a bit of point at blossom end. Solid pearl white flesh. Smaller cavity than other entries. Moderately firm flesh with high sugars and a hint of melon flavor. 5- highly wrinkled

Table 12. Canary Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit weight, (x100), per acre for early¹ season harvests 1 – 3. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

 ≤ 3.0 lbs

 3.1 – 7.0 lbs

 ≥ 7.1 lbs

Cumulative  Totals ²

 Avg. Wt. ³

Camino Europa 76 76 4.4
Camposol 110 9 119 5.3
Fonzy 244 244 4.8
Gladial 145 98 243 6.1
Halo 98 16 114 5.7
Hi-Brix 3 141 16 160 5.2
Natal RZ 6 137 143 4.9
Tweety 151 16 167 5.2
USAMR14818 18 8 26 6.0
Average 5 124 27 144 5
LSD (0.05) 21 45 58 53 1.0

¹ Early harvests (1-3) : 10 – 14 July (69 – 73 days after planting).
² Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
³ Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights
and numbers from respective harvests.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 13. Canary Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit number per acre for early¹ season harvests 1-3. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

 ≤ 3.0 lbs

 3.1 – 7.0 lbs

 ≥ 7.1 lbs

Cumulative Totals ²

Camino Europa 1742 1742
Camposol 2178 109 2287
Fonzy 5118 5118
Gladial 2723 1307 4029
Halo 1851 218 2069
Hi-Brix 109 2831 218 3158
Natal RZ 218 2831 3049
Tweety 2940 218 3158
USAMR14818 327 109 436
Average 164 2505 363 2783
LSD (0.05) 775 958 766 1010

¹ Early harvests (1-3) : 10 – 14 July (69 – 73 days after planting).
² Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.
** Each number for fruit size category and cumulative total is rounded to the
nearest whole number.**

Table 14. Canary melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit weight per indicated size category – Early harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 3.0 lbs

 3.1 – 7.0 lbs

 ≥ 7.1 lbs

Camino Europa 100
Camposol 93 7
Fonzy 100
Gladial 60 40
Halo 86 14
Hi-Brix 2 88 10
Natal RZ 4 96
Tweety 91 9
USAMR14818 70 30
Average 3 87 18

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were
rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 15. Canary melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit number per indicated size category – Early harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 3.0 lbs

 3.1 – 7.0 lbs

 ≥ 7.1 lbs

Camino Europa 100
Camposol 95 5
Fonzy 100
Gladial 68 32
Halo 89 11
Hi-Brix 3 90 7
Natal RZ 7 93
Tweety 93 7
USAMR14818 75 25
Average 5 89 15

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were
rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 16. Canary melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit weight, (x 100), per acre for mid¹season harvests 4 – 8. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 3.0 lbs

 3.1 – 7.0 lbs

 ≥ 7.1 lbs

Avg. Wt. ³

Camino Europa 40 200 3.8
Camposol 11 172 17 4.8
Fonzy 5 58 4.2
Gladial 9 22 19 4.9
Halo 4 165 50 5.8
Hi-Brix 8 96 4.2
Natal RZ 8 75 8 4.6
Tweety 15 73 8 4.5
USAMR14818 89 75 6.8
Average 13 106 30 5
LSD (0.05) 17 66 31 0.9

 Cultivar

Cumulative Totals ²

Avg. Wt. ³

Camino Europa 240 3.8
Camposol 200 4.8
Fonzy 63 4.2
Gladial 50 4.9
Halo 219 5.8
Hi-Brix 104 4.2
Natal RZ 91 4.6
Tweety 96 4.5
USAMR14818 163 6.8
Average 136 5
LSD (0.05) 65 0.9

¹ Mid to late season harvests (4-8) : 17 July – 31 July (66 – 80 days after planting).
² Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
³ Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and numbers from
respective harvests.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 17. Canary melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit number per acre for mid¹ season harvests 4-8. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 3.0 lbs

 3.1 – 7.0 lbs

 ≥ 7.1 lbs

Cumulative Totals ²

Camino Europa 1634 5227 6861
Camposol 436 3594 218 4247
Fonzy 218 1307 1525
Gladial 327 545 218 1089
Halo 218 3049 653 3920
Hi-Brix 327 2178 2505
Natal RZ 327 1742 109 2178
Tweety 653 1634 109 2396
USAMR14818 1416 980 2396
Average 518 2299 381 3013
LSD (0.05) 716 1298 396 1175

¹ Mid to late season harvests (4-8) : 17 July – 31 July (66 – 80 days after planting).
² Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.
** Each number for fruit size category and cumulative total is rounded to the nearest whole number.** 

Table 18. Canary melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit weight per indicated size category – Mid-Season harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

≤ 3.0 lbs

3.1 – 7.0 lbs

≥ 7.1 lbs

Camino Europa 17 83
Camposol 6 86 8
Fonzy 8 92
Gladial 19 44 38
Halo 2 75 23
Hi-Brix 8 92
Natal RZ 9 83 9
Tweety 16 76 8
USAMR14818 54 46
Average 11 76 22

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category and for each cultivar
were rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 19. Canary melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ fruit number per indicated size category – Mid Season harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 3.0 lbs

 3.1 – 7.0 lbs

 ≥ 7.1 lbs

Camino Europa 24 76
Camposol 10 85 5
Fonzy 14 86
Gladial 30 50 20
Halo 6 78 17
Hi-Brix 13 87
Natal RZ 15 80 5
Tweety 27 68 5
USAMR14818 59 41
Average 17 74 16

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were rounded
to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 20. Canary melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit weight, (x 100), per acre for late¹ season harvests 9-12. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 3.0 lbs

 3.1 – 7.0 lbs

 ≥ 7.1 lbs

Camino Europa 34 44
Camposol 8 82
Fonzy 74 78
Gladial 9 114 17
Halo 10 77
Hi-Brix 24 96
Natal RZ 37 105
Tweety 11 127
USAMR14818 7 83 7
Average 24 90 12
LSD (0.05) 27 67 26

 Cultivar

Cumulative Totals²

Avg. Wt. ³

Camino Europa 78 3.7
Camposol 91 4.7
Fonzy 152 3.7
Gladial 139 5.1
Halo 87 4.5
Hi-Brix 120 4.2
Natal RZ 142 3.9
Tweety 138 4.8
USAMR14818 98 5.4
Average 116 4
LSD (0.05) 69 1.0

¹ Late season harvests (9-12) : 4 August – 14 August (84 – 94 days after planting).
² Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
³ Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and numbers from respective harvests. 
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 21. Canary melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit number per acre for late¹ season harvests 9-12. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 3.0 lbs

 3.1 – 7.0 lbs

 ≥ 7.1 lbs

Cumulative Totals ²

Camino Europa 1634 1198 2831
Camposol 436 1851 2287
Fonzy 3703 2069 5772
Gladial 327 2287 218 2831
Halo 436 1742 2178
Hi-Brix 980 2718 3158
Natal RZ 1634 2723 4356
Tweety 545 2723 3267
USAMR14818 327 1634 109 2069
Average 1114 2105 164 3194
LSD (0.05) 1277 1495 347 1695

¹ Late season harvests (9-12) : 4 August – 14 August (84 – 94 days after planting).
² Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
** Each number for fruit size category and cumulative total is rounded to the nearest  whole number.** 
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 22. Canary melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit weight per indicated size category – Late Season harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 3.0 lbs

 3.1 – 7.0 lbs

 ≥ 7.1 lbs

Camino Europa 43 57
Camposol 9 91
Fonzy 49 51
Gladial 6 82 12
Halo 11 89
Hi-Brix 20 80
Natal RZ 26 74
Tweety 8 92
USAMR14818 8 85 8
Average 20 78 10

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category and for each cultivar
were rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 23. Canary melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ fruit number per indicated size category – Late Season harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 3.0 lbs

 3.1 – 7.0 lbs

 ≥ 7.1 lbs

Camino Europa 58 42
Camposol 19 81
Fonzy 64 36
Gladial 12 81 8
Halo 20 80
Hi-Brix 31 69
Natal RZ 38 63
Tweety 17 83
USAMR14818 16 79 5
Average 31 68 7

¹Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were rounded
to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 24. Canary melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit weight, (x 100), per acre for All¹ harvests 1-12. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 3.0 lbs

 3.1 – 7.0 lbs

 ≥ 7.1 lbs

Camino Europa 74 320
Camposol 20 365 25
Fonzy 79 380
Gladial 18 281 134
Halo 14 341 66
Hi-Brix 36 333 16
Natal RZ 51 317 7
Tweety 26 351 24
USAMR14818 7 190 90
Average 36 320 52
LSD (0.05) 31 86 75

 Cultivar

Cumulative Totals ²

Avg. Wt. ³

Mkt. Wt.

Camino Europa 394 3.9 320
Camposol 410 4.9 390
Fonzy 459 4.5 380
Gladial 433 5.7 415
Halo 420 5.4 406
Hi-Brix 385 4.7 349
Natal RZ 375 4.4 324
Tweety 400 4.9 375
USAMR14818 287 6.2 280
Average 396 5 360
LSD (0.05) 94 0.5 103

¹ All harvests (1-12) : 10 July – 14 August (69 – 94 days after planting)
² Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
³ Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and numbers from respective harvests. 
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 25. Canary melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit number per acre for All¹ harvests 1-12. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 3.0 lbs

 3.1 – 7.0 lbs

 ≥ 7.1 lbs

Cumulative Totals ²

Camino Europa 3267 8168 11435
Camposol 871 7623 327 8821
Fonzy 3920 8494 12415
Gladial 653 5554 1742 7950
Halo 653 6643 871 8168
Hi-Brix 1416 7187 218 8821
Natal RZ 2178 7296 109 9583
Tweety 1198 7296 327 8821
USAMR14818 327 3376 1198 4901
Average 1609 6849 685 8991
LSD (0.05) 1363 1684 1008 1705

¹ All harvests (1-12) : 10 July – 14 August (69 – 94 days after planting)
² Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
³ Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and
numbers from respective harvests.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 26. Canary melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit weight per indicated size category – All harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

≤ 3.0 lbs

3.1 – 7.0 lbs

≥ 7.1 lbs

Camino Europa 19 81
Camposol 5 89 6
Fonzy 17 83
Gladial 4 65 31
Halo 3 81 16
Hi-Brix 9 87 4
Natal RZ 14 84 2
Tweety 6 88 6
USAMR14818 3 66 31
Average 9 80 14

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category and for each cultivar
were rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 27. Canary melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit number per indicated size category – All harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 3.0 lbs

 3.1 – 7.0 lbs

 ≥ 7.1 lbs

Camino Europa 29 71
Camposol 10 86 4
Fonzy 32 68
Gladial 8 70 22
Halo 8 81 11
Hi-Brix 16 81 2
Natal RZ 23 76 1
Tweety 14 83 4
USAMR14818 7 69 24
Average 16 76 10

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were rounded
to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 28. Canary melon cultigen trial percentage of fruit weight harvested among varying harvest intervals. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Cultivar

Company

Early Harvests¹

Mid Harvests²

Late Harvests³

Camino Europa Seedway 29 49 22
Camposol Seedway 53 14 33
Fonzy Seminis 56 12 32
Gladial Rijk Zwaan 27 52 21
Halo Hollar Seeds 42 27 31
Hi-Brix Bayer CS 38 24 38
Natal RZ Rijk Zwaan 42 24 34
Tweety DP Seeds 9 57 34
USAMR14818 US Agriseeds 19 61 20
Average 35 36 29

¹ Early harvests (1-3) : 10 – 14 July (69-73 days after planting).
² Mid to late harvests (4-8) : 17 July – 31 July (66 – 80 days after planting).
³ Late harvests (9-12) : 4 – 14 August (84 – 94 days after planting).

Table 29. Canary melon cultigen trial percentage of fruit number harvested among varying harvest intervals. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Cultivar Company Early Harvests¹ Mid Harvests² Late Harvests³
Camino Europa Seedway 26 48 26
Camposol Seedway 41 12 46
Fonzy Seminis 51 14 36
Gladial Rijk Zwaan 25 48 27
Halo Hollar Seeds 36 28 36
Hi-Brix Bayer CS 32 23 45
Natal RZ Rijk Zwaan 36 27 37
Tweety DP Seeds 9 49 42
USAMR14818 US Agriseeds 15 60 25
Average 30 34 36

¹ Early harvests (1-3) : 10 – 14 July (69-73 days after planting).
² Mid to late harvests (4-8) : 17 July – 31 July (66 – 80 days after planting).
³ Late harvests (9-12) : 4 – 14 August (84 – 94 days after planting).

Table 30. Canary melon cultigen trial. Interior fruit quality and fruit size characteristics. Clayton, NC, 2017.¹

 Cultivar

SS2

 LD3

Flesh Firmness4

Camino Europa 13.0 1.3 3.0
Camposol 13.0 1.2 3.1
Fonzy 13.6 1.0 6.1
Gladial 13.2 1.2 4.8
Halo 12.7 1.2 2.9
Hi-Brix 13.3 1.2 2.8
Natal RZ 13.8 1.4 4.3
Tweety 12.2 1.2 3.3
USAMR14818 13.1 1.2 3.4
Average 13.1 1.2 3.7
LSD (0.05) 1.0 0.1 0.8

1 Most measurements were obtained from fruits in harvests 2-6.
2 SS = Indicates sweetness, average of 5 melons per replication (20 total).
3 LD = Length and diameter ratio, average of 5 melons per replication.
4 Flesh Firmness is represented in pounds.

Figure 4. Honeydew melon photographs. Replicated cultigens. Clayton, NC 2017. (Page 31 – 34 in the PDF booklet).

 Cultivar

 Company

966HD Bayer CS
Dewlightful Hollar Seeds
Earli-Dew Seminis
SFR3079 United Genetics
SFR3083 United Genetics
Tikal Rijk Zwaan
USAMR 14816 US Agriseeds
USAMR 16151 US Agriseeds
USAMR 16153 US Agriseeds

Table 31. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit weight, (x100), per acre for early¹ season harvests 1 – 3. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 136 143 56
Dewlightful 9 163 137 10
Earli-Dew 27 118 36
SFR3079 22 119
SFR3083 28 78
Tikal 13 109 19
USAMR 14816 10 117 103 39
USAMR 16151 132 106 39
USAMR 16153 3 114 120 60
Average 16 121 95 41
LSD (0.05) 23 75 73 59

 Cultivar

Mkt. Wt.2

Cumulative Totals3

Avg. Mkt. Wt.4

966HD 335 335 4.8
Dewlightful 311 319 4.3
Earli-Dew 155 182 3.8
SFR3079 119 141 3.2
SFR3083 78 106 3.7
Tikal 128 141 3.3
USAMR 14816 258 268 4.7
USAMR 16151 277 277 4.8
USAMR 16153 295 298 4.8
Average 217 230 4
LSD (0.05) 75 83 0.5

1 Early harvests (1-3) : 10 July – 14 July (68 – 72 days after planting).
2 Marketable weight includes all fruit >2.6 lb.
3 Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
4 Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and numbers from respective harvests.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 32. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit number per acre for early¹ season harvests 1 – 3. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 3403 2723 817
Dewlightful 408 4356 2586 136
Earli-Dew 1361 3267 681
SFR3079 1361 3675
SFR3083 1361 2178
Tikal 545 3403 408
USAMR 14816 408 3131 1906 545
USAMR 16151 3403 1906 545
USAMR 16153 136 2995 2314 817
Average 797 3312 1789 572
LSD (0.05) 1074 2134 1358 832

Cultivar

Mkt. Totals²

Cumulative Totals ³

966HD 6942 6942
Dewlightful 7079 7487
Earli-Dew 3948 5309
SFR3079 3675 5037
SFR3083 2178 3539
Tikal 3812 4356
USAMR 14816 5581 5990
USAMR 16151 5853 5853
USAMR 16153 6126 6262
Average 5022 5642
LSD (0.05) 1951 2416

¹ Early harvests (1-3) : 10 July – 14 July (68 – 72 days after planting).
² Marketable weight includes all fruit >2.6 lb.
³ Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.
** Each number for fruit size category and cumulative total is rounded to the nearest whole number.**

Table 33. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent1 of fruit weight per indicated size category – Early harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 40 43 17
Dewlightful 3 51 43 3
Earli-Dew 15 65 20
SFR3079 15 85
SFR3083 27 73
Tikal 9 78 14
USAMR 14816 4 44 38 14
USAMR 16151 48 38 14
USAMR 16153 1 38 40 20
Average 11 58 34 14

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were rounded to the nearest whole number. 
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 34. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit number per indicated size category – Early harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 49 39 12
Dewlightful 5 58 35 2
Earli-Dew 26 62 13
SFR3079 27 73
SFR3083 38 62
Tikal 13 78 9
USAMR 14816 7 52 32 9
USAMR 16151 58 33 9
USAMR 16153 2 48 37 13
Average 17 60 28 9

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were rounded to the nearest whole number. 
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 35. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit weight, (x 100), per acre for mid¹ season harvests 4-6. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 18 41 10
Dewlightful 9 30 15
Earli-Dew 13 15 14
SFR3079 2 8
SFR3083 6 9
Tikal 6 72 7
USAMR 14816 6 75 43
USAMR 16151 3 23 23
USAMR 16153 3 26 7
Average 6 31 21 10
LSD (0.05) 12 34 33 NA

Cultivar

Mkt. Totals2

Cumulative Totals3

Avg. Mkt. Wt.4

966HD 70 70 4.8
Dewlightful 45 54 4.2
Earli-Dew 29 42 4.2
SFR3079 8 9 2.8
SFR3083 9 14 3.3
Tikal 79 94 3.4
USAMR 14816 118 124 3.9
USAMR 16151 46 49 4.5
USAMR 16153 33 36 3.3
Average 49 55 4
LSD (0.05) 49 48 1.2

1Mid harvests (4-6) : 17 July – 24 July (75 – 82 days after planting).
2Marketable weight includes all fruit >2.6 lb.
3Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
4Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and numbers from respective harvests.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 36. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit number per acre for mid¹ season harvests 4 – 6. Clayton, NC, 2017.

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 545 817 136
Dewlightful 408 817 272
Earli-Dew 545 408 272
SFR3079 136 272
SFR3083 408 272
Tikal 681 2178 136
USAMR 14816 272 2178 817
USAMR 16151 136 681 408
USAMR 16153 136 817 136
Average 340 908 408 136
LSD (0.05) 586 1017 624 NA

 Cultivar

Mkt. Totals²

Cumulative Totals³

966HD 1497 1497
Dewlightful 1089 1497
Earli-Dew 681 1225
SFR3079 272 408
SFR3083 272 681
Tikal 2314 2995
USAMR 14816 2995 3267
USAMR 16151 1089 1225
USAMR 16153 953 1089
Average 1240 1543
LSD (0.05) 1232 1217

¹ Mid harvests (4-6) : 17 July – 24 July (75 – 82 days after planting).
² Marketable weight includes all fruit >2.6 lb.
³ Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.
** Each number for fruit size category and cumulative total is rounded to the nearest whole number**

Table 37. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit weight per indicated size category – Mid Season harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 26 59 15
Dewlightful 17 55 28
Earli-Dew 31 35 34
SFR3079 18 82
SFR3083 39 61
Tikal 16 76 8
USAMR 14816 5 60 35
USAMR 16151 6 47 47
USAMR 16153 9 71 19
Average 18 57 33 15

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category and for each cultivar were rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 38. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent1 of fruit number perindicated size category – Mid Season harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 36 55 9
Dewlightful 27 55 18
Earli-Dew 44 33 22
SFR3079 33 67
SFR3083 60 40
Tikal 23 73 5
USAMR 14816 8 67 25
USAMR 16151 11 56 33
USAMR 16153 13 75 13
Average 27 56 24 9

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 39. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit weight, (x 100), per acre for late¹ season harvests 7-9. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

2.6 – 4.5 lbs

4.6 – 6.5 lbs

≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 16 28 20
Dewlightful 2 42 7
Earli-Dew 15 79 7
SFR3079 101 22
SFR3083 85 44
Tikal 7 33
USAMR 14816 6 15 6
USAMR 16151 3 17 29
USAMR 16153 71 10
Average 31 34 25 15
LSD (0.05) 22 44 34 31

Cultivar

Mkt. Totals2

Cumulative Totals3

Avg. Mkt Wt.4

966HD 64 64 5.1
Dewlightful 49 51 3.8
Earli-Dew 86 101 3.1
SFR3079 22 124 2.7
SFR3083 44 128 2.9
Tikal 33 39 3.4
USAMR 14816 21 27 4.2
USAMR 16151 46 49 4.8
USAMR 16153 81 81 5.3
Average 50 74 4
LSD (0.05) 45 46 0.7

¹ Late harvests (7-9) : 28 July – 4 August (84 – 89 days after planting).
2
Marketable weight includes all fruit >2.6 lb.

3 Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
4 Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and numbers from respective harvests.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 40. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit number per acre for late¹ season harvests 7 – 9. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 408 545 272
Dewlightful 136 1089 136
Earli-Dew 681 2586 136
SFR3079 5853 817
SFR3083 4764 1497
Tikal 272 953
USAMR 14816 272 408 136
USAMR 16151 136 408 545
USAMR 16153 1361 136
Average 1731 1021 477 204
LSD (0.05) 1341 1302 649 433

 Cultivar

Mkt. Totals²

Cumulative Totals³

966HD 1225 1225
Dewlightful 1225 1361
Earli-Dew 2723 3403
SFR3079 817 6670
SFR3083 1497 6252
Tikal 953 1225
USAMR 14816 545 817
USAMR 16151 953 1089
USAMR 16153 1497 1497
Average 1271 2615
LSD (0.05) 1218 1440

¹ Late harvests (7-9) : 28 July – 4 August (84 – 89 days after planting).
² Marketable weight includes all fruit >2.6 lb.
³ Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.
** Each number for fruit size category and cumulative total is rounded to the nearest whole number.**

Table 41. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit weight per indicated size category – Late Season harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

≤ 2.5 lbs

2.6 – 4.5 lbs

4.6 – 6.5 lbs

≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 24 44 31
Dewlightful 4 83 13
Earli-Dew 15 78 7
SFR3079 82 18
SFR3083 66 34
Tikal 17 83
USAMR 14816 21 55 24
USAMR 16151 6 35 58
USAMR 16153 88 12
Average 30 51 39 22

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category and for each cultivar were rounded
to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 42. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit number per indicated size category – Late Season harvests. Clayton, NC,2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 33 44 22
Dewlightful 10 80 10
Earli-Dew 20 76 4
SFR3079 88 12
SFR3083 76 24
Tikal 22 78
USAMR 14816 33 50 17
USAMR 16151 13 38 50
USAMR 16153 91 9
Average 37 49 36 16

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 43. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit weight, ( x100), per acre for All¹ harvests 1-9. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Weight (lbs)/ Acre

Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 169 213 87
Dewlightful 20 235 159 10
Earli-Dew 55 212 57
SFR3079 125 149
SFR3083 119 130
Tikal 34 213 26
USAMR 14816 21 206 152 39
USAMR 16151 6 172 157 39
USAMR 16153 7 140 198 70
Average 48 181 137 49
LSD (0.05) 41 71 82 69

Cultivar

Mkt. Totals2

Cumulative Totals3

Avg. Mkt  Wt.4

966HD 469 469 4.8
Dewlightful 404 424 4.2
Earli-Dew 269 324 3.6
SFR3079 149 274 3.1
SFR3083 240 274 3.4
Tikal 240 274 3.4
USAMR 14816 397 419 4.3
USAMR 16151 368 374 4.7
USAMR 16153 408 415 4.8
Average 327 361 4
LSD (0.05) 80 75 0.4

1 All harvests (1-9) : 10 July – 4 August (68 – 89 days after planting).
2 Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
3 Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and numbers from respective harvests.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 44. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit number per acre for All¹ harvests 1-9. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 4356 4084 1225
Dewlightful 953 6262 2995 136
Earli-Dew 2586 6262 1089
SFR3079 7351 4764
SFR3083 6534 3948
Tikal 1497 6534 545
USAMR 14816 953 5717 2859 545
USAMR 16151 272 4492 2859 545
USAMR 16153 272 3812 3812 953
Average 2552 5127 2606 681
LSD (0.05) 2241 2147 1531 975

Cultivar

Mkt. Totals²

Cumulative Totals³

966HD 9665 9665
Dewlightful 9393 10346
Earli-Dew 7351 9937
SFR3079 4764 12115
SFR3083 3948 10482
Tikal 7079 8576
USAMR 14816 9120 10073
USAMR 16151 7895 8168
USAMR 16153 8576 8848
Average 7532 9801
LSD (0.05) 1868 2213

1 All harvests (1-9) : 10 July – 4 August (68 – 89 days after planting).
2 Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
3 Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and nuimbers from respective harvests.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 45. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit weight per indicated size category – All harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 36 45 18
Dewlightful 5 55 38 2
Earli-Dew 17 65 18
SFR3079 46 54
SFR3083 48 52
Tikal 13 78 10
USAMR 14816 5 49 36 9
USAMR 16151 2 46 42 10
USAMR 16153 2 34 48 17
Average 17 52 34 11

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category and for each cultivar were rounded to the nearest whole number. 
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 46. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit number per indicated size category – All harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

966HD 45 42 13
Dewlightful 9 61 29 1
Earli-Dew 26 63 11
SFR3079 61 39
SFR3083 62 38
Tikal 17 76 6
USAMR 14816 9 57 28 5
USAMR 16151 3 55 35 7
USAMR 16153 3 43 43 11
Average 24 53 28 7

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 47. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial percentage of fruit weight harvested among varying harvest intervals. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Cultivar

Early Harvests¹

Mid Harvests²

Late Harvests³

966HD 71 15 14
Dewlightful 75 13 12
Earli-Dew 56 13 31
SFR3079 51 3 45
SFR3083 43 6 51
Tikal 51 34 14
USAMR 14816 64 30 6
USAMR 16151 74 13 13
USAMR 16153 72 9 19
Average 62 15 23

¹ Early harvests (1-3) : 10 July – 14 July (68 – 72 days after planting).
² Mid harvests (4-6) : 17 July – 24 July (75 – 82 days after planting).
³ Late harvests (7-9) : 28 July – 4 August (84 – 89 days after planting).

Table 48. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial percentage of fruit number harvested among varying harvest intervals. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Pecentage harvested among harvest periods

Cultivar

Early Harvests¹

Mid Harvests²

Late Harvests³

966HD 72 15 13
Dewlightful 72 14 13
Earli-Dew 53 12 34
SFR3079 42 3 55
SFR3083 34 6 60
Tikal 51 35 14
USAMR 14816 59 32 8
USAMR 16151 72 15 13
USAMR 16153 71 12 17
Average 58 16 25

¹ Early harvests (1-3) : 10 July – 14 July (68 – 72 days after planting).
² Mid harvests (4-6) : 17 July – 24 July (75 – 82 days after planting).
³ Late harvests (7-9) : 28 July – 4 August (84 – 89 days after planting).

Table 49. Honeydew Melon cultigen trial. Descriptive characteristics and interior fruit quality. Clayton, NC, 2017.¹

 Cultivar

 SS2

 LD3

Flesh Firmness4

Foliage Cover5

966HD 13.3 1.0 4.4 7.8
Dewlightful 13.0 1.0 4.5 7.4
Earli-Dew 11.6 1 5.7 7.3
SFR3079 13.7 1.2 5.5 6.9
SFR3083 14.3 1.1 4.4 7.8
Tikal 14.5 1.4 5.7 7.6
USAMR 14816 13.7 1.1 4.8 7.6
USAMR 16151 12.7 1.1 5.4 8.0
USAMR 16153 12.6 1.0 4.8 7.5
Average 13.3 1.1 5.0 7.5
LSD (0.05) 1.8 0.2 2.5 1.0

1 Most measurements were obtained from fruits in harvests 2-6.
2 SS = Indicates sweetness, average of 5 melons per replication (20 total).
3 LD = Length and diameter ratio, average of 5 melons per replication.
4 Flesh Firmness is represented in pounds.
5 Foliage cover: 1= no fruit covered, 5= all fruit covered (lush).

Figure 6. Piel de Sapo melon photographs. Replicated cultigens. Clayton, NC 2017. (Pages 45 – 47 in the PDF booklet)

Cultivar

Company

Fortune DP Seeds
Mabel RZ Rijk Zwaan
PX 03703001 Seminis
Ricura Rijk Zwaan
Ruidera Nunhems
Sancho Syngenta

Table 50. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit weight, (x100), per acre for early¹ season harvests 1 – 3. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

Fortune 49 116 94
Mabel RZ 97 76
PX 03703001 3 47 118 20
Ricura 12 149 74
Ruidera 68 133 42
Sancho 51 104 39
Average 8 77 104 49
LSD (0.05) 18 48 68 53

Cultivar

Mkt. Wt.2

Cumulative Totals3

Avg. Mkt. Wt.4

Fortune 259 259 5.8
Mabel RZ 173 173 4.3
PX 03703001 185 188 5.1
Ricura 222 234 3.8
Ruidera 242 242 5.1
Sancho 194 194 5.2
Average 213 215 4.9
LSD (0.05) 85 86 0.7

1 Early harvests (1-3) : 10 July – 14 July (68 – 72 days after planting).
2 Marketable weight includes all fruit >2.6 lb.
3 Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
4 Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and numbers from respective harvests.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 51. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit number per acre for early1 season harvests 1 – 3. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar  ≤ 2.5 lbs  2.6 – 4.5 lbs  4.6 – 6.5 lbs  ≥ 6.6 lbs Mkt. Totals2 Cumulative Totals 3
Fortune 1225 2042 1225 4492 4492
Mabel RZ 2586 1497 4084 4084
PX 03703001 136 1225 2178 272 3675 3812
Ricura 545 4220 1497 5717 6262
Ruidera 1770 2450 545 4764 4764
Sancho 1361 1906 545 3812 3812
Average 341 2065 1928 647 4424 4538
LSD (0.05) 804 1247 1342 700 1885 1963

1 Early harvests (1-3) : 10 July – 14 July (68 – 72 days after planting).
2 Marketable totals include all fruit >2.6 lb
3 Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.
** Each number for fruit size category and cumulative total is rounded to the nearest whole number.**

Table 52. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent1 of fruit weight per indicated size category – Early harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

Fortune 19 45 36
Mabel RZ 56 44
PX 03703001 2 25 63 11
Ricura 5 63 31
Ruidera 28 55 17
Sancho 26 54 20
Average 4 36 49 21

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were rounded to the nearest
whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 53. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit number per indicated size category – Early harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

Fortune 27 45 27
Mabel RZ 63 37
PX 03703001 4 32 57 7
Ricura 9 67 24
Ruidera 37 51 11
Sancho 36 50 14
Average 7 44 44 15

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were rounded to the nearest
whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 54. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit weight, (x 100), per acre for mid¹ season harvests 4-6. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

Fortune 3 7
Mabel RZ 15 14 10
PX 03703001 23 59
Ricura 3 24
Ruidera 14 6
Sancho 10 21 20
Average 3 17 21 15
LSD (0.05) 0 36 40 51

Cultivar

Mkt. Totals2

Cumulative Totals3

Avg. Mkt. Wt.4

Fortune 7 11 5.4
Mabel RZ 38 38 5.0
PX 03703001 82 82 5.1
Ricura 24 27 3.4
Ruidera 20 20 4.0
Sancho 50 50 6.4
Average 37 38 4.9
LSD (0.05) 61 62 2.9

1 Mid harvests (4-6) : 17 July – 24 July (75 – 82 days after planting).
2 Marketable weight includes all fruit >2.6 lb.
3 Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
4 Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and numbers from respective harvests.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 55. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit number per acre for mid¹ season harvests 4 – 6. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

Mkt. Totals2

Cumulative Totals3

Fortune 136 136 136 272
Mabel RZ 408 272 136 817 817
PX 03703001 545 1089 1634 1634
Ricura 136 681 681 817
Ruidera 408 136 545 545
Sancho 272 408 272 953 953
Average 136 463 408 204 794 840
LSD (0.05) NA 998 788 648 1357 1418

1 Mid harvests (4-6) : 17 July – 24 July (75 – 82 days after planting).
2 Marketable totals include all fruit >2.6 lb
3 Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.
** Each number for fruit size category and cumulative total is rounded to the nearest whole number**

Table 56. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit weight per indicated size category – Mid Season harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

Fortune 31 69
Mabel RZ 38 36 25
PX 03703001 28 72
Ricura 13 87
Ruidera 69 31
Sancho 19 41
Average 22 48 50 25

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category and for each cultivar were rounded to the
nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 57. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit numberper indicated size category – Mid Season harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

Fortune 50 50
Mabel RZ 50 33 17
PX 03703001 33 67
Ricura 17 83
Ruidera 75 25
Sancho 29 43 29
Average 34 54 44 23

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 58. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit weight, (x 100), per acre for late¹ season harvests 7-9. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

Mkt. Totals2

Cumulative Totals3

Avg. Mkt Wt.4

Fortune 16 76 92 92 5.1
Mabel RZ 31 7 38 38 3.9
PX 03703001 7 28 7 35 41 3.6
Ricura 15 8 24 24 4.9
Ruidera 20 20 20 3.8
Sancho 14 16 29 29 4.5
Average 7 21 23 NA 40 41 4.3
LSD (0.05) NA 36 52 NA 48 48 2.0

Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

Fortune 16 76
Mabel RZ 31 7
PX 03703001 7 28 7
Ricura 15 8
Ruidera 20
Sancho 14 16
Average 7 21 23 NA
LSD (0.05) NA 36 52 NA

Cultivar

Mkt. Totals2

Cumulative Totals3

Avg. Mkt Wt.4

Fortune 92 92 5.1
Mabel RZ 38 38 3.9
PX 03703001 35 41 3.6
Ricura 24 24 4.9
Ruidera 20 20 3.8
Sancho 29 29 4.5
Average 40 41 4.3
LSD (0.05) 48 48 2.0

1 Late harvests (7-9) : 28 July – 4 August (84 – 89 days after planting).
2 Marketable weight includes all fruit >2.6 lb.
3 Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
4 Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and numbers from respective harvests.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.
** NA refers to cases where none or limited fruit were available.

Table 59. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit number per acre for late1 season harvests 7 – 9. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

Fortune 408 1361
Mabel RZ 953 136
PX 03703001 408 817 136
Ricura 408 136
Ruidera 545
Sancho 408 272
Average 408 590 408 NA
LSD (0.05) NA 1013 896 NA

Cultivar

Mkt. Totals2

Cumulative Totals3

Fortune 1770 1770
Mabel RZ 1089 1089
PX 03703001 953 1361
Ricura 545 545
Ruidera 545 545
Sancho 681 681
Average 931 999
LSD (0.05) 1041 1151

1 Late harvests (7-9) : 28 July – 4 August (84 – 89 days after planting). 
2 Marketable totals include all fruit >2.6 lb
3 Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.
** Each number for fruit size category and cumulative total is rounded to the nearest whole number.**
*** NA refers to cases where none or limited fruit were available.

Table 60. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ of fruit weight per indicated size category – Late Season harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

Fortune 17 83
Mabel RZ 81 19
PX 03703001 16 67 17
Ricura 65 35
Ruidera 100
Sancho 47 53
Average 16 63 41 NA

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category and for each cultivar were rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.
** NA refers to cases where none or limited fruit were available.

Table 61. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent¹ fruit number per indicated size category – Late Season harvests. Clayton, NC,2017.

Fruit size category

 Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

Fortune 23 77
Mabel RZ 88 13
PX 03703001 30 60 10
Ricura 75 25
Ruidera 100
Sancho 60 40
Average 30 68 33 NA

¹ Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.
** NA refers to cases where none or limited fruit were available.

Table 62. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit weight, (x 100), per acre for All¹ harvests 1-9. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category
Cultivar  ≤ 2.5 lbs  2.6 – 4.5 lbs  4.6 – 6.5 lbs  ≥ 6.6 lbs
Fortune 3 65 199 94
Mabel RZ 143 97 10
PX 03703001 10 97 184 20
Ricura 16 188 82
Ruidera 102 139 42
Sancho 75 141 59
Average 10 112 140 45
LSD (0.05) 18 60 73 46

Cultivar

Mkt. Totals2

Cumulative Totals3

Avg. Mkt  Wt.4

Fortune 358 361 5.6
Mabel RZ 250 250 4.1
PX 03703001 301 311 4.8
Ricura 269 285 3.8
Ruidera 283 283 4.9
Sancho 274 274 5.1
Average 289 252 4.7
LSD (0.05) 96 91 0.5

1 All harvests (1-9) : 10 July – 4 August (68 – 89 days after planting).
2 Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
3 Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and numbers from respective harvests.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 63. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields, Cumulative fruit number per acre for All¹ harvests 1-9. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

Fortune 136 1634 3539 1225
Mabel RZ 3948 1906 136
PX 03703001 545 2586 3403 272
Ricura 681 5309 1634
Ruidera 2723 2586 545
Sancho 2042 2586 817
Average 454 3040 2609 2609
LSD (0.05) 970 1460 1408 593

Cultivar

Mkt. Totals2

 Cumulative Totals3

Fortune 6398 6534
Mabel RZ 5990 5990
PX 03703001 6262 6806
Ricura 6942 7623
Ruidera 5853 5853
Sancho 5445 5445
Average 599 6375
LSD (0.05) 1984 1770

1 All harvests (1-9) : 10 July – 4 August (68 – 89 days after planting).
2 Cumulative total includes all fruit size categories.
3 Average fruit weights were determined using total cumulative weights and nuimbers from respective harvests.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 64. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent1 of fruit weight per indicated size category – All harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

Fortune 1 18 55 26
Mabel RZ 57 39 4
PX 03703001 3 31 59 7
Ricura 6 66 29
Ruidera 36 49 15
Sancho 27 51 21
Average 3 39 47 15

1 Percentages for each fruit size category and for each cultivar were rounded to the
nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 65. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial yields; Percent1 fruit number per indicated size category – All harvests. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Fruit size category

Cultivar

 ≤ 2.5 lbs

 2.6 – 4.5 lbs

 4.6 – 6.5 lbs

 ≥ 6.6 lbs

Fortune 2 25 54 19
Mabel RZ 66 32 2
PX 03703001 8 38 50 4
Ricura 9 70 21
Ruidera 47 44 9
Sancho 38 48 15
Average 6 47 42 10

1 Percentages for each fruit size category for each cultivar were rounded to the nearest whole number.
* Data entered as dashes were not included in statistical analysis.

Table 66. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial percentage of fruit weight harvested among varying harvest intervals. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Cultivar

Early Harvests1

Mid Harvests2

Late Harvests3

Fortune 72 3 26
Mabel RZ 69 15 15
PX 03703001 60 26 13
Ricura 82 9 8
Ruidera 86 7 7
Sancho 71 18 11
Average 73 13 13

1 Early harvests (1-3) : 10 July – 14 July (68 – 72 days after planting).
2 Mid harvests (4-6) : 17 July – 24 July (75 – 82 days after planting).
3 Late harvests (7-9) : 28 July – 4 August (84 – 89 days after planting).

Table 67. Piel de Sapo Melon cultigen trial percentage of fruit number harvested among varying harvest intervals. Clayton, NC, 2017.

Cultivar

Early Harvests1

Mid Harvests2

Late Harvests3

Fortune 69 4 27
Mabel RZ 68 14 18
PX 03703001 56 24 20
Ricura 82 11 7
Ruidera 81 9 9
Sancho 70 18 13
Average 71 13 16

1 Early harvests (1-3) : 10 July – 14 July (68 – 72 days after planting).
2 Mid harvests (4-6) : 17 July – 24 July (75 – 82 days after planting).
3 Late harvests (7-9) : 28 July – 4 August (84 – 89 days after planting).

Table 68. Piel de Sapo Melon hybrid cultivar trial. Descriptive characteristics and interior fruit quality. Clayton, NC, 2017.¹

 Cultivar

 SS2

 LD3

Flesh Firmness4

Foliage Cover5

Fortune 12.1 1.4 5.3 6.9
Mabel RZ 11.8 1.4 6.2 7.4
PX 03703001 13.4 1.5 5.1 7.0
Ricura 12.4 1.4 5.5 7.3
Ruidera 12.7 1.6 5.2 7.5
Sancho 11.3 1.5 4.1 7.6
Average 12.3 1.5 5.2 7.3
LSD (0.05) 1.3 0.2 2.1 1.0

1 Most measurements were obtained from fruits in harvests 2-6.
2 SS = Indicates sweetness, average of 5 melons per replication (20 total).
3 LD = Length and diameter ratio, average of 5 melons per replication.
4 Flesh Firmness is represented in pounds.
5 Foliage cover: 1= no fruit covered, 5= all fruit covered (lush).